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Live band PA speakers

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  • Racertomtom
    started a topic Live band PA speakers

    Live band PA speakers

    Sorry for the long post. I'm a seasoned musician not a sound engineer. I'm building a PA speaker system for a live classic rock band playing 150 to 500 person venues. Equipment is torn down nightly by 50 year old high mileage type guys.

    Focus is on vocals and drums with a slight amount of bass and guitars fed in the mix for monitor feeds and minor adjustments. These instruments can carry themselves with stage amps.

    Crossovers are done with a DBX Drive Rack PA. I can drive subs with 2-Com Tech 800 amps 975w bridged. Mids with 1-Xti1000 275w and highs with 1-XLS202 145w. Probably need a better mid amp.

    I would like to see 41htz with 18 subs and cross in the 500-800 range, extend the mids to 3000-3500htz with 12s or 10s and let 1" horn drivers have the rest.
    I am looking at SigmaPro18A-2 with the recommended 7cu.ft. vented cab but I'm concerned about the 400 watt displacement limit (not sure what that means) or Peavey 1808-8cu in the recommended 6.5 cu. Ft. cab. Mids- Celestion TF1225 in a vented cab? and Selenium D220Ti-8 or Celestion CDX1-1746 CDs with Selenium HM25-25 horns.

    I have read about clustering subs etc. but with poor stage design everywhere I really need 2 single stacks.

    Any comments, suggestions, recommendations will be appreciated!

  • AMC
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    1600 seems like a fine place for the xover. Glad it all worked out. Now, post some pictures!

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  • Racertomtom
    replied

    Leave a comment:


  • Brian Steele
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by Racertomtom View Post
    I like the sub, 2-10, 1” set-up.
    That's something I'm looking at as well (I've got a thread going here somewhere), so I'm interested in seeing what you come up with, seeing that my "financial controller" is likely going to nix any speaker purchases for awhile :(.

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  • Sydney
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by Racertomtom View Post
    Do you guys think the MT102 cabs (with appropriate drivers) would suit my needs?
    As far as CD horns are concerned, is bigger better?.
    I would not be able to judge if the MT102 is appropriate for your needs, but as far as difficulty of construction: the most difficult aspects are likely to be the bevel cuts and forming of the curved horn path. Certainly this is one of the simplest of horn projects.
    It is likely that a search will turn up more detail by those who have already built them.
    If it were me I'd first make ( or find ) a CAD or Sketchup model as it would derive measurement and is a helpful visual aid.

    As far as CD horns are concerned, is bigger better?.
    Wavelength increases as frequency drops so a bigger horn is needed for lower frequency control.

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  • billfitzmaurice
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by AMC View Post
    The MT102 is a fine plan, I guess.
    Perhaps, if you're an expert cabinet builder who can extrapolate the parts dimensions from a couple of simple diagrams, knows how to assemble them into a cab, and knows how to configure a crossover. But it's not something a newbie would be able to make use of.

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  • Randy L
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by Racertomtom View Post
    When using WinISD, does the port length include the cabinet thickness? In other words would a hole have a length of 0 or 3/4 inches.
    Yes, include the thickness of the front baffle if you are building your vents, as opposed to inserting a vent tube that is trimmed to desired length.

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  • Racertomtom
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    When using WinISD, does the port length include the cabinet thickness? In other words would a hole have a length of 0 or 3/4 inches.

    Leave a comment:


  • AMC
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    The MT102 is a fine plan, I guess, but WAY MORE complex then needed. For your application, a simple reflex or Acoustic suspension box will do everything you should need. Pick your exact driver, then move on to the design, or pick your design, and choose the recommended driver, don't pick the two randomly. A simple design can be made for about any driver after you have selected.
    Last edited by AMC; 05-29-2012, 01:21 PM.

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  • Racertomtom
    replied

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  • clydethecat
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by billfitzmaurice View Post
    The usual problem is that they cross over to them an octave higher than they should. The average 15/horn crosses around 2.5kHz, where 1.2kHz is called for. But a 15/horn is wasted size, weight and cost when a top loaded with a ten works better as a top, while no pole mounted 15 cab is going to compete with a real subwoofer, especially one wall loaded as they should be.
    Most that I've seen had crossovers around the 1.2K-1.6K mark. My objection is that "Peavey" sound that you just can't dial out.

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  • billfitzmaurice
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by clydethecat View Post

    Generally the downfall of "affordable" bar band systems is the quality of the HF horn and compression driver.
    The usual problem is that they cross over to them an octave higher than they should. The average 15/horn crosses around 2.5kHz, where 1.2kHz is called for. But a 15/horn is wasted size, weight and cost when a top loaded with a ten works better as a top, while no pole mounted 15 cab is going to compete with a real subwoofer, especially one wall loaded as they should be.

    Leave a comment:


  • clydethecat
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    I've heard some very, very good 15+horn boxes that will project vocals just fine, but they're expensive and use external processing. The Nexo PS15 comes to mind.

    Generally the downfall of "affordable" bar band systems is the quality of the HF horn and compression driver.

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  • Paul O
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by Racertomtom View Post
    Perhaps 10s on top of the 2 ways would be an acceptable band aid for the time being as the lack of low mid range is obviously the 15's inability to reach 2000htz.
    You're experiencing the same old problems everybody that has ever done sound for a bar band experiences you're using the wrong tool for the job, but that's not your fault it's because speaker manufacturers have been a foisting a badly flawed design(the 15+1) on uneducated musicians and soundmen for decades. The primary duty of the PA in small bars is to get the vocals over the racket comming off the stage, and the vocal range is the weakness of this speaker design, so if you're gonna build something make it a design that does vocals much better... like a dual 10+1 for example. You could also do a three-way with a 15 but it's a lot harder to construct and build crossovers for and it'll be a lot bigger and heavier which will make it a bear to put on a stand. Now these things won't go that low but that's why you have subs, and if you're gonna build reflex boxes then pick a driver that won't be displacement limited below it's thermal power handling capacity, options there are the PV Lowrider and Eminince Definimax. Of course Bill has some good horn loaded designs on his web site that are worth checking out too, these will get you similar output levels with less input power and some of the recommended drivers are downright cheap, but build complexity is a little higher. Bottom line though is you should be able to construct a system that is a vast improvement over what you have now.

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  • Sydney
    replied
    Re: Live band PA speakers

    Originally posted by Racertomtom View Post
    In these converted bars where bands were an afterthought, it's harder than you think to find 24 inches of unused wall space and cable to it. Can you elaborate on "don't even need to be near the stage"? Would a side or rear wall be effective and would a single wall sub be acceptable?
    You are correct about "bars" where bands and live music is an afterthought ( been there ).
    With that in mind - it often calls for less than optimum placement.
    If you going to split the bass bottom from mains: take into consideration the separation distance with respect to bass wavelengths.
    From my experience: Even a separation of as little as 7' from the mains benefited from "alignment"

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