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Class D Amp Specs

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  • dpasek
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Sydney View Post
    Yes, and that's the point - using a number that is unqualified or creating a testing methodology that is not representative of typical operating conditions to obtain desired results.
    Yes, indeed. A radar transmitter can have a peak pulse power in the megawatts with an average power only in the hundreds. Peak gives big numbers that superficially sound impressive, but that is not the operating mode for audio except as it relates to transient response.

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  • dpasek
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Deward Hastings View Post
    There is also the argument (probably more correct than not) that the kind of distortion and output level at which it occurs matters as well. It is not uncommon for a Class AB amplifier that measures very low simple harmonic distortion at high power nevertheless sounds terrible at low power where crossover distortion dominates. This is the area where Class A and Class D amplifiers shine . . . while they often measure with slightly higher simple harmonic distortion (which is nevertheless for all practical purposes inaudible at any level) the lack of crossover distortion generally results in a much "cleaner" sound at the low output levels (the "first Watt") more common in home listening.
    This also seems to be a good argument in favor of bi- or tri-amping following an electronic crossover. Decent class D amps make this architecture very practical. Put this in or near the speaker cabinets and you get the popular powered speakers that also eliminate any frequency response twist caused by wire resistance.

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  • dpasek
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Sydney View Post
    Tube amps may not have the lowest HD measurements at the extremes of their performance envelope, but this is less objectionable than non-harmonic distortion.
    Tube amps have a different HD characteristic than solid state amps due to the nature of the devices. Tubes show more even harmonic content, probably due to soft clipping that works more like a compressor than the hard clipping seen with solid state devices. Even harmonics seem more pleasant to the ear while odd harmonics sound harsh. So tube preamps are a popular addition to solid state systems for their second harmonic content.

    Some speaker distortions may also not be particularly objectionable, such as the nonlinear responses near the excursion extremes of the voice coils. This is also probably more of a soft clipping situation as long as they don't run into a hard stop.

    As for an example of non-harmonic distortion, I have seen only a fleeting mention of intermodulation distortion other than to note that it is quite objectionable.

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  • dpasek
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Whitneyville1 View Post
    ... What I really love are the new DTV final amps. Channel 9's "blockhouse" I've been in. 7.8 megawatts effective output at 0% distortion. ...
    Heavy duty stuff, but for how many octaves of bandwidth? .00XX?

    Audio systems are really asked to make some extreme performance contortions as compared with the RF domain. Zoom camera lenses have a comparable problem: Try to design a really good 20:1 zoom with imperceptable pincushion, barrel, and chromatic aberration throughout its range, and at reasonably fast apperture. There are ~3:1 fast zooms that are nearly perfect, but beyond that, the compromises start showing.

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  • Face
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by dpasek View Post
    It's the coupling between the engine and the planetary gearing for the Turbo Hydramatic 400 that has been very popular for many years in drag racing because it's almost bullet-proof. Those aren't worth anything to some people but worth their weight in gold to others. Depends on your priorities.
    Should read, worth their weight in gold to bracket racers.

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  • dpasek
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Pallas View Post
    What is this "torque converter" thing?

    Certainly nothing that exists on any automobile worth anything!
    It's the coupling between the engine and the planetary gearing for the Turbo Hydramatic 400 that has been very popular for many years in drag racing because it's almost bullet-proof. Those aren't worth anything to some people but worth their weight in gold to others. Depends on your priorities.

    Leave a comment:


  • Face
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by PWR RYD View Post
    Than what does win races
    For example, take a car with 350 at the crank, with the stock converter it will have @ 295rwhp and run about run 13.0. Now add a torque converter optimized to the engine's torque curve, in this case say a 3500 stall. It will pull less HP on the dyno, but will run faster down the quarter mile as long as traction still isn't an issue.

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  • Deward Hastings
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by CUtiger View Post
    class D topology(B&O ice module) the first thing I noticed was that it sounded better at lower volumes. . . . wonder if this has anything to do with it?

    At moderate levels the differences are not nearly as noticable.
    I'd venture that it has everything to do with it . . .

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  • CUtiger
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Deward Hastings View Post
    There is also the argument (probably more correct than not) that the kind of distortion and output level at which it occurs matters as well. It is not uncommon for a Class AB amplifier that measures very low simple harmonic distortion at high power nevertheless sounds terrible at low power where crossover distortion dominates. This is the area where Class A and Class D amplifiers shine . . . while they often measure with slightly higher simple harmonic distortion (which is nevertheless for all practical purposes inaudible at any level) the lack of crossover distortion generally results in a much "cleaner" sound at the low output levels (the "first Watt") more common in home listening.
    Interesting I was unaware of this but after getting a new amp recently which I believe is based on class D topology(B&O ice module) the first thing I noticed was that it sounded better at lower volumes. I thought it was less noise from the fully balanced upstream signal path but wonder if this has anything to do with it?

    At moderate levels the differences are not nearly as noticable.

    Leave a comment:


  • Sydney
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Deward Hastings View Post
    There is also the argument (probably more correct than not) that the kind of distortion and output level at which it occurs matters as well...the low output levels (the "first Watt") more common in home listening.
    No disagreement there: Tube amps may not have the lowest HD measurements at the extremes of their performance envelope, but this is less objectionable than non-harmonic distortion. Regardless of how they measure they still provide satifaction for many and "Nirvana" for some.
    The top portion of the "envelope" is where the brief peaks occur: That area of power output will be of more signifcance: If a wide crest factor or dynamic range is required and the speakers are not sensitive.

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  • Deward Hastings
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Sydney View Post
    OEM Class D amp manufacturer's are often of the opinion that there is too much emphasis on amplifier distortion figures, considering the level of distortion in loudspeakers is much higher.
    There is also the argument (probably more correct than not) that the kind of distortion and output level at which it occurs matters as well. It is not uncommon for a Class AB amplifier that measures very low simple harmonic distortion at high power nevertheless sounds terrible at low power where crossover distortion dominates. This is the area where Class A and Class D amplifiers shine . . . while they often measure with slightly higher simple harmonic distortion (which is nevertheless for all practical purposes inaudible at any level) the lack of crossover distortion generally results in a much "cleaner" sound at the low output levels (the "first Watt") more common in home listening.

    Leave a comment:


  • Sydney
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    This is an obvious divergence:
    Does anyone think an engine producing 8000 hp short term can do so for 24 hours ( the engines are torn down and rebuilt in 75minutes after every run )...
    http://www.hotrod.com/techarticles/e...d/viewall.html

    By the same token an amplifier test can produce a high short term number for domestic persuation but that operating condition is not long term. Amplifiers have protection ( or should ) for being driven beyond a "performance envelope" .
    The better amplifier manufacturers publish a variety of test conditions including extreme ( short term ), or continuous duty or fault tolerance.
    Any semiconductor manufacturer knows the relationship between operating temp and device life.
    OEM Class D amp manufacturer's are often of the opinion that there is too much emphasis on amplifier distortion figures, considering the level of distortion in loudspeakers is much higher.
    They also advocate that the testing methodology for Class D is not the same as Class A & AB.
    Last edited by Sydney; 05-15-2012, 01:37 PM.

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  • PWR RYD
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Length of the race (time or distance) has nothing to do with it. In every form of racing the goal is to have both superior power and adequate endurance. A part's failure at 3 seconds into a 1/4 mile race can be just as bad as a part's failure 23 hours into a 24 hour race. Having 20% less power than your competitors is just as much of a disadvantage regardless of the type (length) of racing. FIA, or F1, or NASCAR, or NHRA... they are all trying to win the power vs. parts life game.

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  • Sydney
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Than what does win races
    Well I think it can be agreed that the focus is different if the race is a 1/4 mile vs 24 hours on a closed course vs off-road.
    One favors short term power over parts durability and endurance.

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  • PWR RYD
    replied
    Re: Class D Amp Specs

    Originally posted by Face View Post
    Power at the wheels doesn't win races either as things like a high stall torque converter and large rear will skew that too.
    Than what does win races

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